Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar)

The rapid, continuous and repetitive dissemination of (partially) false information may have contributed to important decisions made in different countries and events. This practice has become known as firehosing, from two discourse genres: an article published in 2016 called “The Russian Firehose of Falsehood”, developed by two think tank researchers. It exposes the Russian propaganda model of spreading false news, used during the period of Russia’s annexation of Crimea between 2008 and 2014. These scientists affirm that excessive number of channels confuses the public, and many are diffused as partially truth news, noticeable by the fact, but distorted. The second genre was a video called “Why obvious lies makes great propaganda”, published on Youtube in 2016, by Vox channel. Based on that article, they show how such practices were used in elections in the United States, which they could be verified in Brazil as well. In this work, the focus will be initially to analyze publications massively made on Twitter during the Brazilian elections campaign, so we can verify how firehosing was discursively constituted. For this, the concepts that compose the Scenes of Enunciation will be mobilized, in order to analyze the specificities that involve this discourse genre, as proposed by Dominique Maingueneau (2015). It will also be approached the theory proposed by Johannes Angermuller (2018), the Strong Programme in Discourse Studies, who argues that discourse is a practice of construction and deconstruction of truths, through the uses of language made by the subjects, in favor of your discursive community.


ANGERMULLER, Johannes. A verdade na era da pós-verdade: por um Programa Forte em estudos do discurso. REDIS, São Paulo, nº 7, p. 36-62, 2018.

MAINGUENEAU, Dominique. Análise do discurso e suas fronteiras. Trad. Décio Rocha. In: Revista Matraga, nº 20, Rio de Janeiro: UERJ, 2007.

Novas tendências em Análise do Discurso. Campinas. Editora da Unicamp/Pontes. 1997.

Cenas da enunciação. São Paulo: Parábola, 2008.

Discurso e Análise do Discurso. São Paulo: Parábola, 2015.

PAUL, Christopher; MATTHEWS, Miriam. The Russian “firehose of falsehood” propaganda model: why it might work and options to counter it. Rand Corporation. Santa Monica, Califórnia. Disponível em: Acesso em 15 jul. 2019.

PAVEAU, Marie-Anne. Linguagem e moral – uma ética das virtudes discursivas. Campinas: Editora Unicamp, 2015.

PÊCHEUX, Michel. O discurso: estrutura ou acontecimento. 3. ed. Campinas, SP: Pontes, 2008.